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Titanium rods can meet the requirements of lightweight building materials. Titanium has a low density, about 60% of steel, 50% of copper, and 1.7 times that of aluminum, but it has almost the same strength as ordinary steel. As a building, it can reduce weight by 70% to 75%. It is easy to hoist and can make buildings. The center of gravity of the object is moved down to improve the overall earthquake resistance of the building. Titanium rod has good corrosion resistance: it can resist urban pollution, industrial radiation and extreme erosion. Titanium rod is easy to process into thin plates and has good welding performance. Titanium itself has a shiny silver-white luster, and through treatment, a brighter surface can be obtained. In order to achieve a more beautiful decorative effect, different patterns and colors can be obtained by etching and anodizing.
Titanium alloy rods have good features such as high specific strength, good high-temperature mechanical properties and excellent corrosion resistance, thus have been applied in aerospace, transportation, power generation and chemical industries. Titanium alloys are particularly good for THA components because of their high corrosion resistance compared with stainless steel and Co–Cr–Mo alloys.
Titanium foil material is mainly used for loudspeaker and speaker treble film, with titanium foil to do high fidelity, clear and bright sound. Titanium foil materials can also be used for precision accessories, for bone implants and so on.
Flanges are common elements used to connect components within a piping system. Titanium piping and any other piping require a way of connecting the different components that form part of a pipeline, such as the pipes themselves, valves, pumps, filters, among other equipment. Flanges are normally defined as a protruding ridge or rim which is intended to increase the strength of an element or distribute the load applied on it. When used to connect elements in a piping system, a titanium flange is usually a protruding rim that is welded and/or bolted to the elements requiring the connection.
Titanium casting is a manufacturing process that uses titanium. It replicates the exact shape of an item. Melted titanium poured into a wax pattern mold. Specialized ceramic material is then coated into the wax pattern mold and left to dry and harden. The wax pattern mold is then inverted and heated to let the wax melt and drip out of it. The ceramic shell becomes a superfluous investment mold. Liquefied titanium is then poured into the mold and cooled off. The mold is then broken off to reveal the replicated item.
The titanium pipe is produced through an automated continuous production line, using titanium strips with uniform wall thickness through cold bending forming, welding, online heat treatment, sizing and straightening, non-destructive testing and air tightness testing. From sponge titanium to welded pipes, the material utilization rate is usually around 80%. If the titanium coil is used as the raw material, the material utilization rate is above 95%.
A titanium washer is a thin plate (typically disk-shaped, but sometimes square) with a hole (typically in the middle) that is normally used to distribute the load of a threaded fastener, such as a bolt or nut. Other uses are as a spacer, spring (Belleville washer, wave washer), wear pad, preload indicating device, locking device, and to reduce vibration (rubber washer). High-quality bolted joints require hardened steel washers to prevent the loss of pre-load due to brinelling after the torque is applied. Washers are also important for preventing galvanic corrosion, particularly by insulating steel screws from aluminium surfaces. They may also be used in rotating applications, as a bearing.
A titanium screw and bolt are similar types of fastener typically made of metal and characterized by a helical ridge, called a male thread (external thread). Screws and bolts are used to fasten materials by the engagement of the screw thread with a similar female thread (internal thread) in a matching part. Screws are often self-threading (also known as self-tapping) where the thread cuts into the material when the screw is turned, creating an internal thread that helps pull fastened materials together and prevents pull-out.
Of all metals in their purest form, tungsten has the highest melting point (3422°C). This can be hugely beneficial in certain situations (particularly when compared to other more common metals). For example, it makes tungsten an excellent material for high-temperature environments – and this is why it is so widely used in the aerospace, automatic and construction industries. Tungsten metal is also regularly used to create alloys and superalloys. Its extremely high melting point and resistance to thermal creep help to strengthen the alloy, making it suitable for more thermally intensive applications, where other metals would fail.
The molybdenum filament is silvery white, very hard transition metal, but is softer and more ductile than tungsten. Molybdenum is a valuable alloying agent, as it contributes to the hardenability and toughness of quenched and tempered steels. It also improves the strength of steel at high temperatures. Molybdenum is used in alloys, electrodes and catalysts. Molybdenum filament is used in certain nickel-based alloys, such as the "Hastelloys(R)" which are heat-resistant and corrosion-resistant to chemical solutions. Molybdenum filament oxidizes at elevated temperatures. The metal has found recent applications as electrodes for electrically heated glass furnaces and foreheaths. The metal is also used in nuclear energy applications and for missile and aircraft parts.